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Drug Information > Cocaine

Drug Appearance:

Bitter white crystalline powder, granular rocks

Street Name(s):

Coke   Crack   Snow   C   Flake
White Candy   Freebase   Toot   Blow
Nose Candy   Rock

Signs of Use:

Glassine envelopes, razors, small spoons

Physical Symptoms:

Short-lived euphoria changing to depression, irritability, nervousness, tightness of muscles


Shallow breathing, fever, anxiety, tremors, possible death from convulsions or respiratory arrest

Forms of Cocaine:

Proprietary (Trade) Name Substance DEA Schedule*
Cocaine Benzoylmethyl Ecgonine II
Crack-Cocaine Methylbenzoylecgonine II

Further Information

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine is not a new drug. In fact, it is one of the oldest known drugs. The pure chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, has been an abused substance for more than 100 years, and coca leaves, the source of cocaine, have been ingested for thousands of years.

Cocaine abuse has a long history and is rooted into the drug culture in the U.S. It is an intense euphoric drug with strong addictive potential. With the increase in purity, the advent of the free-base form of the cocaine ("crack"), and its easy availability on the street, cocaine continues to burden both the law enforcement and health care systems in America.

The powdered, hydrochloride salt form of cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack is cocaine that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. This form of cocaine comes in a rock crystal that can be heated and its vapors smoked. The term crack refers to the crackling sound heard when it is heated.


Substance: Urine Hair Saliva
Cocaine (Benzoylmethyl Ecgonine) 1-3 days up to 90 days 24 to 36 hours
Crack-Cocaine (Methylbenzoylecgonine) 1-3 days up to 90 days 24 to 36 hours

    *Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Schedule I and II drugs have a high potential for abuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacture among other restrictions. Schedule I drugs are available for research only and have no approved medical use. Schedule II drugs are available only through prescription, cannot have refills and require a form for ordering. Schedule III and IV drugs are available with prescription, may have 5 refills in 6 months and may be ordered orally. Most Schedule V drugs are available over the counter.